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Cardiovasc Pathol. 2017 Jul - Aug;29:37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.carpath.2017.05.003. Epub 2017 May 18.

Exercise training ameliorates matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 messenger RNA expression and mitigates adverse left ventricular remodeling in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Federal Rural University of Semiarid Region, Mossoró, Brazil. Electronic address: flavionsp@gmail.com.
2
Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
3
Department of Physiology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.
4
Department of Morphology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
5
Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
6
Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.
7
Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim was to investigate whether exercise training (ExT) would ameliorate expression of key genes for myocardial morphostructure and mitigate adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling in experimental type 1 diabetes (T1D).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: sedentary control (SC, n=9), trained control (TC, n=13), sedentary diabetic (SD, n=20), and trained diabetic (TD, n=17). T1D was induced by 40 mg/kg streptozotocin (single dose, i.v.). Training program consisted of 4-week treadmill running (60 min/day, 5 days/wk). Structure of the LV was evaluated using histomorphometric techniques. Gene expression changes of LV collagens I and III, metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2 and 9, and transforming growth factor-β1 were detected by reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Compared with SC, SD rats presented LV eccentric remodeling, myocyte hypertrophy, and fibrosis, whereas TD animals showed normal LV geometry and collagen content but thinner myocytes. Expression of collagens and type I/III collagen messenger RNA (mRNA) ratio were diminished in diabetic hearts compared with SC. MMP-2 gene was down-regulated in SD, whereas TD group showed decreased MMP-9 mRNA levels and MMP-2 expression comparable to that of SC rats.

CONCLUSIONS:

Attenuation of MMP-2 down-regulation and reduction in MMP-9 mRNA expression may constitute an underlying mechanism by which ExT counteracts progression of adverse LV remodeling in T1D.

KEYWORDS:

Exercise; Extracellular matrix; Heart; Rats; Type 1 diabetes

PMID:
28550760
DOI:
10.1016/j.carpath.2017.05.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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