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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2017 Oct;16(10):1718-1735. doi: 10.1074/mcp.RA117.000011. Epub 2017 May 26.

Characterization of the CLASP2 Protein Interaction Network Identifies SOGA1 as a Microtubule-Associated Protein.

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From the ‡The Section of Molecular Diabetes & Metabolism, Department of Clinical Research and Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark.
§Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, DK-5000 Odense, Denmark.
¶Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona 85721.
‖School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85787.
¶Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona 85721;


CLASP2 is a microtubule-associated protein that undergoes insulin-stimulated phosphorylation and co-localization with reorganized actin and GLUT4 at the plasma membrane. To gain insight to the role of CLASP2 in this system, we developed and successfully executed a streamlined interactome approach and built a CLASP2 protein network in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Using two different commercially available antibodies for CLASP2 and an antibody for epitope-tagged, overexpressed CLASP2, we performed multiple affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry (AP-MS) experiments in combination with label-free quantitative proteomics and analyzed the data with the bioinformatics tool Significance Analysis of Interactome (SAINT). We discovered that CLASP2 coimmunoprecipitates (co-IPs) the novel protein SOGA1, the microtubule-associated protein kinase MARK2, and the microtubule/actin-regulating protein G2L1. The GTPase-activating proteins AGAP1 and AGAP3 were also enriched in the CLASP2 interactome, although subsequent AGAP3 and CLIP2 interactome analysis suggests a preference of AGAP3 for CLIP2. Follow-up MARK2 interactome analysis confirmed reciprocal co-IP of CLASP2 and revealed MARK2 can co-IP SOGA1, glycogen synthase, and glycogenin. Investigating the SOGA1 interactome confirmed SOGA1 can reciprocal co-IP both CLASP2 and MARK2 as well as glycogen synthase and glycogenin. SOGA1 was confirmed to colocalize with CLASP2 and with tubulin, which identifies SOGA1 as a new microtubule-associated protein. These results introduce the metabolic function of these proposed novel protein networks and their relationship with microtubules as new fields of cytoskeleton-associated protein biology.

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