Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Australas J Ageing. 2017 Sep;36(3):205-211. doi: 10.1111/ajag.12410. Epub 2017 May 25.

Malnutrition risk of older people across district health board community, hospital and residential care settings in New Zealand.

Author information

1
School of Food and Nutrition, Massey University, Auckland, New Zealand.
2
Department of Surgery, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in older people across three settings.

METHODS:

Older people living in the community or newly admitted to hospital or residential care were assessed for malnutrition risk using the validated Mini-Nutritional Assessment - Short Form and dysphagia risk using the Eating Assessment Tool-10. Demographic, physical and health data were collected.

RESULTS:

Of 167 participants, 23% were malnourished and 35% were at high risk of malnutrition. Those recently admitted to residential care versus a hospital or living in the community had a higher prevalence of malnourishment (47% vs 23% and 2%) (P < 0.001). Risk of dysphagia differed with settings (P < 0.001) with highest risk in residential care. Hospitalised and residential care participants were significantly more likely to have ≥4 comorbidities, take ≥5 medications and have below normal cognition compared to community participants.

CONCLUSION:

Choice of nutrition intervention is setting dependent.

KEYWORDS:

New Zealand; aged; dysphagia; nutrition

PMID:
28547935
DOI:
10.1111/ajag.12410
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center