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Dig Dis Sci. 2017 Aug;62(8):2072-2078. doi: 10.1007/s10620-017-4614-y. Epub 2017 May 25.

Risk Factors for Vitamin D Deficiency and Impact of Repletion in a Tertiary Care Inflammatory Bowel Disease Population.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 East Concord Street, Evans 124, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA.



Many patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are vitamin D deficient. The purpose of our study was to identify risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in IBD and to assess the impact of vitamin D repletion on disease activity and quality of life (QOL).


Patients with at least one 25-OH vitamin D level measured between 2004 and 2011 were included. Patients with a level <30 ng/ml at baseline were followed until the time of repletion. QOL and disease activity scores were measured at baseline and repletion.


A total of 255 patients were identified. 33, 29, and 39% had a vitamin D level of ≥30, 20-29, and <20 ng/ml, respectively. When adjusting for disease type and duration, gender, smoking, and race, non-Caucasians had 5.3 (2.3-12.3) and UC patients had a 0.59 (0.33-1.03) odds of having a vitamin D <30 ng/ml. Women were 1.7 times more likely to have a 25-OH vitamin D level <20 ng/ml than men. 55 patients underwent repletion. In CD patients, the HBI and SIBDQ prior to repletion was 5.5 ± 4.9 and 44.3 ± 16.4, respectively; these improved to 3.6 ± 3.4 and 48.6 ± 14.2 after repletion (p = 0.0154 and p = 0.0684).


In this tertiary care IBD cohort, the majority of patients have low vitamin D levels. Non-Caucasian race and female gender are associated with low vitamin D. UC was associated with lower risk of vitamin D insufficiency. In CD, vitamin D repletion is associated with decreased disease activity and increased QOL.


Disease activity; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Vitamin D

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