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J Family Reprod Health. 2016 Dec;10(4):176-183.

Effects of Intrathecal Opioids Use in Cesarean Section on Breastfeeding and Newborns' Weight Gaining.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, Anesthesia and Critical Care Department, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5
Department of Pediatrics, NICU Department, Women's Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6
Department of Epidemiology, Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
7
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the association between intrapartum intrathecal opioid use and breastfeeding and weight gain following cesarean section. Materials and methods: The prospective double-blinded study was conducted on term pregnant women, undergoing elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. They divided into two groups. In the first group, intrathecal Morphine was used to achieve analgesia during or after the operation. The remainder divided into two subgroups, those who did not receive any opioid or those received systemic opioids. Following labor breastfeeding accessed in a follow-up, two month latter. Results: There was no difference between the demographic variables of the mothers and newborns APGAR score and weight at the time of birth. Breastfeeding rate was similar in intrathecal group in compare with other patents (P value = 0.518). While, the infants' weight at the end of second month was lower in spinal opioid group (P value = 0.036). Conclusion: The present study was the first to suggest that spinal (intrathecal) opioids do not have any impact on breastfeeding. However the relationship between spinal anesthesia on weight gaining needs more investigation.

KEYWORDS:

Breastfeeding; Cesarean Section; Intrathecal Opioid; Spinal

PMID:
28546816
PMCID:
PMC5440816

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