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Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Apr;50(2):461-473. doi: 10.4143/crt.2017.104. Epub 2017 May 22.

Molecular Signature for Lymphatic Invasion Associated with Survival of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aimed to develop molecular classifier that can predict lymphatic invasion and their clinical significance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We analyzed gene expression (mRNA, methylated DNA) in data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. To identify molecular signatures for lymphatic invasion, we found differentially expressed genes. The performance of classifier was validated by receiver operating characteristics analysis, logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and support vector machine (SVM). We assessed prognostic role of classifier using random survival forest (RSF) model and pathway deregulation score (PDS). For external validation,we analyzed microarray data from 26 EOC samples of Samsung Medical Center and curatedOvarianData database.

RESULTS:

We identified 21 mRNAs, and seven methylated DNAs from primary EOC tissues that predicted lymphatic invasion and created prognostic models. The classifier predicted lymphatic invasion well, which was validated by logistic regression, LDA, and SVM algorithm (C-index of 0.90, 0.71, and 0.74 for mRNA and C-index of 0.64, 0.68, and 0.69 for DNA methylation). Using RSF model, incorporating molecular data with clinical variables improved prediction of progression-free survival compared with using only clinical variables (p < 0.001 and p=0.008). Similarly, PDS enabled us to classify patients into high-risk and low-risk group, which resulted in survival difference in mRNA profiles (log-rank p-value=0.011). In external validation, gene signature was well correlated with prediction of lymphatic invasion and patients' survival.

CONCLUSION:

Molecular signature model predicting lymphatic invasion was well performed and also associated with survival of EOC patients.

KEYWORDS:

Gene expression signature; Human genome; Lymphatic metastasis; Ovarian neoplasm

PMID:
28546526
PMCID:
PMC5912145
DOI:
10.4143/crt.2017.104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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