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PLoS One. 2017 May 17;12(5):e0177793. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177793. eCollection 2017.

Survival and prognostic factors for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma after stereotactic ablative radiotherapy.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, Yee Ren Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
3
Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the survival outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR).

METHODS:

This retrospective study evaluated patients with advanced HCC who underwent SABR between December 2007 and July 2015. All patients had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage C disease and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class A-B function. In-field control (IFC), overall survival (OS), prognostic factors, and toxicity were evaluated.

RESULTS:

In this study of 89 patients, the 3-year IFC rate was 78.1%, and the 1-year and 3-year OS rates were 45.9% and 24.3%, respectively. The multivariate analysis revealed that CTP class, the presence of main portal vein tumor thrombosis, and the presence of extrahepatic spread were independent predictors of OS. The expected median OS values among patients with ≥2, 1, and 0 predictors were 4.2, 8.6, and 26.4 months, respectively (p <0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

SABR may be useful for patients with advanced HCC, and patient selection could be based on the CTP classification, main portal vein tumor thrombosis, and extrahepatic spread.

PMID:
28545098
PMCID:
PMC5435316
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0177793
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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