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PLoS One. 2017 May 18;12(5):e0177757. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177757. eCollection 2017.

Transition from pediatric to adult medical care - A survey in young persons with inflammatory bowel disease.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology and Biometry, Department of Health Services Research, Medical Faculty, Carl von Ossietzky University, Oldenburg, Germany.
2
Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS GmbH, Bremen, Germany.
3
Institute for Public Health & Nursing Research IPP, Faculty of Human and Health Sciences, Bremen, Germany.
4
German Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis association (registered association), Berlin, Germany.
5
Center for Children's and Adolescent Medicine, Krefeld, Germany.
6
Childrens Hospital, Klinikum "Links der Weser", Bremen, Germany.
7
Children's Hospital, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University, Dresden, Germany.
8
Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Transition to adult health services is a vulnerable phase in young persons with chronic disease. We describe how young persons with inflammatory bowel disease in Germany and Austria experience care during the transitional age, focusing on differences by type of provider (pediatric vs. adult specialist, no specialist).

METHODS:

This was a follow up survey in patients previously registered with a pediatric IBD registry. Patients aged 15 to 25 received a postal questionnaire, including a measure of health care experience and satisfaction. Descriptive analyses were stratified by age. Sub-analyses in the 18-20 year age group compared health care experience by type of provider. Determinants of early or late transfer were examined using multinomial logistic regression.

RESULTS:

619 patients responded to the survey; 605 questionnaires were available for analysis. Usual age of completing transition was 18. Earlier transfer was more common with low parental SES (OR 1.8, 95% CI 0.7 to 4.6), and less common with advanced schooling (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.2 to 1.2). Structured transition was uncommon. 48% of the respondents had not received any preceding transition advice. Overall satisfaction with IBD care was high, especially with respect to interpersonal aspects, but less so in aspects of continuity of care.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite high overall patient satisfaction, relevant deficiencies in transitional care were documented. Some of these were associated with lower parental social status. Differences in health care satisfaction by type of provider (adult vs. pediatric) were small.

PMID:
28542322
PMCID:
PMC5436761
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0177757
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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