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Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2017 Jul;17(7):483-494. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2016.2093. Epub 2017 May 25.

Description of Candidatus Bartonella fadhilae n. sp. and Candidatus Bartonella sanaae n. sp. (Bartonellaceae) from Dipodillus dasyurus and Sekeetamys calurus (Gerbillinae) from the Sinai Massif (Egypt).

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1 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Zoology, University of Warsaw , Warsaw, Poland .
2 Desert Research Center , Cairo, Egypt .
3 Department of Forest Phytopathology, Faculty of Forestry, Poznań University of Life Sciences , Poznań, Poland .
4 Department of Bacterial Genetics, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Microbiology, University of Warsaw , Warsaw, Poland .
5 Department of Zoology, Suez Canal University , Ismailia, Egypt .
6 School of Life Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Nottingham , Nottingham, United Kingdom .


Bartonella spp. are parasites of mammalian erythrocytes and endothelial cells, transmitted by blood-feeding arthropod ectoparasites. Different species of rodents may constitute the main hosts of Bartonella, including several zoonotic species of Bartonella. The aim of this study was to identify and compare Bartonella species and genotypes isolated from rodent hosts from the South Sinai, Egypt. Prevalence of Bartonella infection was assessed in rodents (837 Acomys dimidiatus, 73 Acomys russatus, 111 Dipodillus dasyurus, and 65 Sekeetamys calurus) trapped in 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012 in four dry montane wadis around St. Katherine town in the Sinai Mountains. Total DNA was extracted from blood samples, and PCR amplification and sequencing of the Bartonella-specific 860-bp gene fragment of rpoB and the 810-bp gene fragment of gltA were used for molecular and phylogenetic analyses. The overall prevalence of Bartonella in rodents was 7.2%. Prevalence differed between host species, being 30.6%, 10.8%, 9.6%, and 3.6% in D. dasyurus, S. calurus, A. russatus, and A. dimidiatus, respectively. The phylogenetic analyses of six samples of Bartonella (five from D. dasyurus and one from S. calurus) based on a fragment of the rpoB gene, revealed the existence of two distinct genetic groups (with 95-96% reciprocal sequence identity), clustering with several unidentified isolates obtained earlier from the same rodent species, and distant from species that have already been described (90-92% of sequence identity to the closest match from the GenBank reference database). Thus, molecular and phylogenetic analyses led to the description of two species: Candidatus Bartonella fadhilae n. sp. and Candidatus Bartonella sanaae n. sp. The identification of their vectors and the medical significance of these species need further investigation.


Acomys; Bartonella; Dipodillus dasyurus; Sekeetamys calurus; Sinai; genotypes; rodent

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