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Eye Brain. 2015 Sep 28;7:59-81. doi: 10.2147/EB.S69173. eCollection 2015.

Infectious optic neuropathies: a clinical update.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia.

Abstract

Different forms of optic neuropathy causing visual impairment of varying severity have been reported in association with a wide variety of infectious agents. Proper clinical diagnosis of any of these infectious conditions is based on epidemiological data, history, systemic symptoms and signs, and the pattern of ocular findings. Diagnosis is confirmed by serologic testing and polymerase chain reaction in selected cases. Treatment of infectious optic neuropathies involves the use of specific anti-infectious drugs and corticosteroids to suppress the associated inflammatory reaction. The visual prognosis is generally good, but persistent severe vision loss with optic atrophy can occur. This review presents optic neuropathies caused by specific viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal diseases.

KEYWORDS:

bacteria; fungi; optic neuropathy; parasites; vaccination; viruses

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

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