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Trends Parasitol. 2017 Aug;33(8):600-609. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2017.04.009. Epub 2017 May 21.

Emerging Schistosomiasis in Europe: A Need to Quantify the Risks.

Author information

1
Univ. Perpignan Via Domitia, IHPE UMR 5244, CNRS, IFREMER, Univ. Montpellier, F-66860 Perpignan, France.
2
Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, CHU Toulouse and Centre de Physiopathologie de Toulouse Purpan, INSERM U1043, CNRS UMR5282, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
3
Univ. Perpignan Via Domitia, IHPE UMR 5244, CNRS, IFREMER, Univ. Montpellier, F-66860 Perpignan, France. Electronic address: boissier@univ-perp.fr.

Abstract

The recent recurrent outbreaks of urogenital schistosomiasis in the south of Europe were unanticipated and caught scientists and health authorities unprepared. It is now time to learn lessons from these outbreaks and to implement concrete procedures in order to better quantify the risks and prevent future outbreaks of schistosomiasis in Europe. In this context, we propose a reflection on the factors that currently hamper our ability to quantify these risks and argue that we are incapable of predicting future outbreaks. We base our reflexion on an ecological two-step filter concept that drives host-parasite interactions, namely the encounter and the compatibility filters.

KEYWORDS:

Europe; emergence; risk; schistosomiasis

PMID:
28539255
DOI:
10.1016/j.pt.2017.04.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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