Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Gen Genet. 1988 Dec;215(1):165-72.

Deletion mutagenesis of the ice nucleation gene from Pseudomonas syringae S203.

Author information

Advanced Genetic Sciences, Inc., Oakland, CA 94608.


The ice nucleation gene inaZ, from Pseudomonas syringae S203, was manipulated to produce a series of defined rearrangements in its coding sequence without changing the reading frame. The effects of these mutations on the ice nucleation phenotype were determined in a heterologous host, Escherichia coli K12. Deletions which disrupted the periodicity of 16 codons, in a repetitive region of inaZ, caused the frequencies of ice nuclei in the bacterial population to be significantly depressed; the nuclei with thresholds at warmer temperatures were most affected. In contrast, when the periodicity was left intact, deletions and duplications in the same region had only slight effects on nucleation activity. Deletions removing part or all of one of the nonrepetitive regions (that encoding the amino-terminal domain of the InaZ protein) did not abolish nucleation activity, but caused it to be limited to cooler threshold temperatures. In contrast, the non-repetitive carboxy-terminal domain of the InaZ protein was shown to be essential for ice nucleation at all temperatures. The differential requirements (for periodicity, and for the amino-terminus) in forming nuclei with different thresholds may be significant for understanding what determines the threshold temperature of an ice nucleus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center