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Euro Surveill. 2017 May 18;22(20). pii: 30537. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2017.22.20.30537.

Travel-associated gonorrhoea in four Nordic countries, 2008 to 2013.

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European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Stockholm, Sweden.
Statens Serum Institut (SSI), Copenhagen, Denmark.
National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Helsinki, Finland.
Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI), Oslo, Norway.
Public Health Agency of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden.


Travel may be associated with a higher risk of gonorrhoea and infection by antibiotic-resistant strains. The objective of this study was to estimate the risk for gonorrhoea among travellers from four Nordic European countries using surveillance data and to identify at-risk travellers to help target interventions. We retrieved gonorrhoea surveillance data from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and tourism denominator data from the Statistical Office of the European Union. A travel-associated case of gonorrhoea was defined as one for which the reported country of infection differed from the reporting country. During 2008-2013, the four countries reported 3,224 travel-associated gonorrhoea cases, of which 53% were among individuals below 35 years of age. The overall risk associated with travel abroad was 2.4 cases per million nights abroad. The highest risk was observed with travel to Asia (9.4). Cases more likely to be reported as travel-associated were: males, heterosexuals of both sexes, people older than 65 years, and foreign-born individuals. More effective interventions targeting young adults and other at-risk groups are needed. The use of travel-planning websites and social media should be explored further.


Gonorrhoea; Scandinavian and Nordic Countries; Sexually Transmitted Infections; Surveillance; Travel

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