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Adv Ther. 2017 Jun;34(6):1449-1465. doi: 10.1007/s12325-017-0506-y. Epub 2017 May 23.

Randomized Phase 3 Trial of Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir and Ribavirin for Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 2-Infected Japanese Patients.

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Department of Medicine and Molecular Science, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi, Japan.
Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL, USA.
Department of Gastroenterology, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Gifu, Japan.
Department of Hepatology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.



In Japan, hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype (GT) 2 accounts for approximately 32% of HCV infections. Limited treatment options exist in Japan for HCV GT2-infected patients. GIFT-II was a phase 3, randomized, open-label study evaluating the efficacy and safety of 16- and 12-week regimens of co-formulated ombitasvir (OBV)/paritaprevir (PTV)/ritonavir (r) plus ribavirin (RBV) in Japanese adults with HCV GT2 infection.


Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to once-daily, co-formulated OBV/PTV/r (25/150/100 mg) with weight-based RBV for 16 or 12 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the sustained virologic response at 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12) rate in the primary efficacy population of non-cirrhotic treatment-naive patients.


A total of 171 patients were randomized to OBV/PTV/r + RBV. In the primary efficacy population, SVR12 rates were 91.5% (43/47; 95% confidence interval 83.5-99.5%) and 75.0% (36/48; 95% confidence interval 62.8-87.2%) in the 16-week arm and 12-week arm, respectively. No patient in the 16-week arm relapsed by post-treatment week 12. Among non-cirrhotic treatment-experienced patients, the overall SVR rate in the 16-week arm was 75.8% (25/33) and was highest [93.8% (15/16)] among those who had relapsed after previous interferon-based therapy. SVR12 rates were consistently higher in patients with HCV GT2a infection versus HCV GT2b infection [16-week treatment arm: 93.9% (31/33) versus 85.7% (12/14) and 93.8% (15/16) versus 56.3% (9/16) among non-cirrhotic treatment-naive and treatment-experienced patients, respectively]. No patient discontinued treatment because of an adverse event. The most common adverse events were anemia, increased blood bilirubin, and nasopharyngitis.


OBV/PTV/r + RBV for 16 weeks resulted in high SVR12 rates in non-cirrhotic Japanese patients infected with HCV GT2 who were treatment-naive or who had relapsed after an interferon-based therapy. Higher SVR12 rates were observed among patients with HCV GT2a infection versus those with GT2b infection. This regimen demonstrated a favorable safety profile.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: identifier, NCT02023112.




Co-formulated ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir; Direct-acting antiviral; HCV genotype 2; IFN-free; Japan

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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