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Prostaglandins. 1988 Nov;36(5):693-709.

Production of prostacyclin in mice following intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid, phenylbenzoquinone and zymosan: its role in the writhing response.

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Department of Immunopharmacology, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Princeton, N.J. 08543-8000.


The magnitude and temporal production of PGI2, PGE2 and LTB4 were measured in the mouse peritoneal cavity for a 15 min period following the intraperitoneal injection of either acetic acid, phenyl-p-benzoquinone (PBQ) or zymosan. For each algogenic substance, PGI2 (assayed as the stable metabolite, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha) represented the major eicosanoid with lower levels of PGE2 also detected. Zymosan induced the greatest 6-keto-PGF1 alpha production among the three algogenic agents, but only a weak writhing response was observed. LTB4 was detected in the peritoneal lavage only after zymosan. The magnitude of eicosanoid production did not correlate with the writhing response induced by the algogenic agents, even though the inhibition of both 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and writhing by several peripheral analgesics was positively correlated. PGI2, (100 ng), 6-keto-PGF1 alpha (1 microgram) and PGE2 (100 ng) did not induce writhing. However, only PGI2 acted synergistically with acetic acid to produce writhing. Presumably due to the short biological lifetime of PGI2, this synergism was noted only when PGI2 was administered after the acetic acid. These results suggest that PGI2 acts to sensitize the animal for the writhing response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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