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Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2017 Apr;47(4):95-103. doi: 10.1016/j.cppeds.2017.02.005.

Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID).

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Division of Adolescent Medicine, Northwell Health, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Cohen Children׳s Medical Center, Hempstead, NY.


Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is an entirely new diagnosis in the DSM-5. ARFID replaces "feeding disorder of infancy or early childhood," which was a diagnosis in the DSM-IV restricted to children 6 years of age or younger; ARFID has no such age limitations and it is distinct from anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in that there is no body image disturbance. ARFID involves a complex and heterogenous etiology, which is reviewed herein. What is known to date regarding the characteristics and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of this patient population are described and compared to other eating disorders. Evaluation and management strategies are also discussed. No data yet exist regarding ARFID׳s prognosis and prevention; however, recommendations to guide parents in establishing appropriate infant and child feeding practices are provided.

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