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N Engl J Med. 2017 Jun 8;376(23):2235-2244. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1703058. Epub 2017 May 21.

Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis.

Author information

1
From the Departments of Critical Care Medicine and Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and the Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center - both in Pittsburgh (C.W.S.); the New York State Department of Health, Albany (F.G., M.E.F.), and IPRO, Lake Success (G.S.P., K.M.T.) - both in New York; the University of Michigan and the Veterans Affairs Center for Clinical Management Research - both in Ann Arbor (H.C.P., T.J.I.); the Division of Biostatistics, Ohio State University College of Public Health, Columbus (S.L.); Washington University, St. Louis (T.O.); and the Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Providence, RI (M.M.L.).

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In 2013, New York began requiring hospitals to follow protocols for the early identification and treatment of sepsis. However, there is controversy about whether more rapid treatment of sepsis improves outcomes in patients.

METHODS:

We studied data from patients with sepsis and septic shock that were reported to the New York State Department of Health from April 1, 2014, to June 30, 2016. Patients had a sepsis protocol initiated within 6 hours after arrival in the emergency department and had all items in a 3-hour bundle of care for patients with sepsis (i.e., blood cultures, broad-spectrum antibiotic agents, and lactate measurement) completed within 12 hours. Multilevel models were used to assess the associations between the time until completion of the 3-hour bundle and risk-adjusted mortality. We also examined the times to the administration of antibiotics and to the completion of an initial bolus of intravenous fluid.

RESULTS:

Among 49,331 patients at 149 hospitals, 40,696 (82.5%) had the 3-hour bundle completed within 3 hours. The median time to completion of the 3-hour bundle was 1.30 hours (interquartile range, 0.65 to 2.35), the median time to the administration of antibiotics was 0.95 hours (interquartile range, 0.35 to 1.95), and the median time to completion of the fluid bolus was 2.56 hours (interquartile range, 1.33 to 4.20). Among patients who had the 3-hour bundle completed within 12 hours, a longer time to the completion of the bundle was associated with higher risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality (odds ratio, 1.04 per hour; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.05; P<0.001), as was a longer time to the administration of antibiotics (odds ratio, 1.04 per hour; 95% CI, 1.03 to 1.06; P<0.001) but not a longer time to the completion of a bolus of intravenous fluids (odds ratio, 1.01 per hour; 95% CI, 0.99 to 1.02; P=0.21).

CONCLUSIONS:

More rapid completion of a 3-hour bundle of sepsis care and rapid administration of antibiotics, but not rapid completion of an initial bolus of intravenous fluids, were associated with lower risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and others.).

PMID:
28528569
PMCID:
PMC5538258
DOI:
10.1056/NEJMoa1703058
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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