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J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 May 20;6(5). pii: e003821. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.116.003821.

C-GRApH: A Validated Scoring System for Early Stratification of Neurologic Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Treated With Targeted Temperature Management.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
2
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
5
Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
6
Department of Pharmacy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
7
Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
8
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA lgimple@virginia.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) results in significant morbidity and mortality, primarily from neurologic injury. Predicting neurologic outcome early post-OHCA remains difficult in patients receiving targeted temperature management.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Retrospective analysis was performed on consecutive OHCA patients receiving targeted temperature management (32-34°C) for 24 hours at a tertiary-care center from 2008 to 2012 (development cohort, n=122). The primary outcome was favorable neurologic outcome at hospital discharge, defined as cerebral performance category 1 to 2 (poor 3-5). Patient demographics, pre-OHCA diagnoses, and initial laboratory studies post-resuscitation were compared between favorable and poor neurologic outcomes with multivariable logistic regression used to develop a simple scoring system (C-GRApH). The C-GRApH score ranges 0 to 5 using equally weighted variables: (C): coronary artery disease, known pre-OHCA; (G): glucose ≥200 mg/dL; (R): rhythm of arrest not ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation; (A): age >45; (pH): arterial pH ≤7.0. A validation cohort (n=344) included subsequent patients from the initial site (n=72) and an external quaternary-care health system (n=272) from 2012 to 2014. The c-statistic for predicting neurologic outcome was 0.82 (0.74-0.90, P<0.001) in the development cohort and 0.81 (0.76-0.87, P<0.001) in the validation cohort. When subdivided by C-GRApH score, similar rates of favorable neurologic outcome were seen in both cohorts, 70% each for low (0-1, n=60), 22% versus 19% for medium (2-3, n=307), and 0% versus 2% for high (4-5, n=99) C-GRApH scores in the development and validation cohorts, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

C-GRApH stratifies neurologic outcomes following OHCA in patients receiving targeted temperature management (32-34°C) using objective data available at hospital presentation, identifying patient subsets with disproportionally favorable (C-GRApH ≤1) and poor (C-GRApH ≥4) prognoses.

KEYWORDS:

heart arrest; hypothermia; prognosis; resuscitation; targeted temperature management

PMID:
28528323
PMCID:
PMC5524053
DOI:
10.1161/JAHA.116.003821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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