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Int J Surg Case Rep. 2017;36:30-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2017.04.024. Epub 2017 May 5.

Management options in the treatment of femoral pseudoaneurysms secondary to intravenous drug abuse: A case series.

Author information

1
Department of Vascular Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Queen Elizabeth Avenue, Gateshead, NE9 6SX, United Kingdom. Electronic address: James.Rammell@me.com.
2
Department of Vascular Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Queen Elizabeth Avenue, Gateshead, NE9 6SX, United Kingdom.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Infected femoral pseudoaneurysms are a common presentation in intravenous drug users with little consensus as to the optimum management of these patients. Whilst emergency revascularisation options are available, excision and ligation of the femoral artery remains the most common operative intervention but risks leaving the patient with critical ischaemia or intermittent claudication. This case series reviewed the outcomes of 4 patients who underwent excision-ligation without revascularisation of an infected femoral pseudoaneurysm at a district general hospital.

PRESENTATION:

Four patients (2 male, 2 female) with infected femoral pseudoaneurysms presented via the emergency room with diagnosis confirmed with contrast cross-sectional imaging. All patients underwent emergency excision and ligation of the pseudoaneurysm without revascularisation. One patient returned to theatre with critical ischaemia necessitating a hindquarter amputation. The remaining 3 patients were discharged without claudication symptoms.

CONCLUSION:

With the identification of suitable patients and pre-operative optimisation, revascularisation can be performed in the emergency setting with an extra-anatomical bypass appearing to confer the best results. Currently endovascular approaches appear to be used only as a bridge to a future definitive revascularisation procedure, however, there are several case reports documenting successful outcomes when using a stent graft alongside a prolonged course of antibiotics. For the majority of patients, excision-ligation without revascularisation is both safe and effective as few are left with symptoms of limb ischaemia.

KEYWORDS:

Femoral pseudoaneurysm; Mycotic pseudoaneurysm

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