Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Behav Res Ther. 2017 Aug;95:29-41. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2017.05.004. Epub 2017 May 10.

Home practice in Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: A systematic review and meta-analysis of participants' mindfulness practice and its association with outcomes.

Author information

1
Interacting Minds Center, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Electronic address: Christine.parsons@clin.au.dk.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, England, United Kingdom.
3
Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Bristol, England, United Kingdom.
4
Danish Center for Mindfulness, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
5
Interacting Minds Center, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) emphasize the importance of mindfulness practice at home as an integral part of the program. However, the extent to which participants complete their assigned practice is not yet clear, nor is it clear whether this practice is associated with positive outcomes. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, searches were performed using Scopus and PubMed for studies published through to the end of 2015, reporting on formal home practice of mindfulness by MBSR or MBCT participants. Across 43 studies (N = 1427), the pooled estimate for participants' home practice was 64% of the assigned amount, equating to about 30 minutes per day, six days per week [95% CI 60-69%]. There was substantial heterogeneity associated with this estimate. Across 28 studies (N = 898), there was a small but significant association between participants' self-reported home practice and intervention outcomes (r = 0·26, 95% CI 0·19,-0·34). MBSR and MBCT participants report completing substantial formal mindfulness practice at home over the eight-week intervention, albeit less than assigned amounts. There is a small but significant association between the extent of formal practice and positive intervention outcomes for a wide range of participants.

KEYWORDS:

Adherence; Homework; Meditation practice; Mindfulness practice; Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; Mindfulness-based stress reduction; Treatment adherence; Treatment engagement

PMID:
28527330
PMCID:
PMC5501725
DOI:
10.1016/j.brat.2017.05.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center