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Brain Lang. 2017 Aug;171:42-51. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2017.05.001. Epub 2017 May 17.

Longitudinal decline in speech production in Parkinson's disease spectrum disorders.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, United States. Electronic address: ash@upenn.edu.
2
Department of Neurology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, United States.

Abstract

We examined narrative speech production longitudinally in non-demented (n=15) and mildly demented (n=8) patients with Parkinson's disease spectrum disorder (PDSD), and we related increasing impairment to structural brain changes in specific language and motor regions. Patients provided semi-structured speech samples, describing a standardized picture at two time points (mean±SD interval=38±24months). The recorded speech samples were analyzed for fluency, grammar, and informativeness. PDSD patients with dementia exhibited significant decline in their speech, unrelated to changes in overall cognitive or motor functioning. Regression analysis in a subset of patients with MRI scans (n=11) revealed that impaired language performance at Time 2 was associated with reduced gray matter (GM) volume at Time 1 in regions of interest important for language functioning but not with reduced GM volume in motor brain areas. These results dissociate language and motor systems and highlight the importance of non-motor brain regions for declining language in PDSD.

KEYWORDS:

Language; Longitudinal studies; Parkinson's disease; Speech; Spontaneous discourse

PMID:
28527315
PMCID:
PMC5512868
DOI:
10.1016/j.bandl.2017.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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