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J Vasc Surg. 2018 Jan;67(1):309-317.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2016.12.113. Epub 2017 May 16.

A single nucleotide polymorphism of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27Kip1) associated with human vein graft failure affects growth of human venous adventitial cells but not smooth muscle cells.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Electronic address: rkenagy@u.washington.edu.
2
Department of Vascular Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.
3
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
4
Division of Vascular Surgery, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
5
Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.
6
Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash; Division of Vascular Surgery, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (p27Kip1) is a cell-cycle inhibitor whose -838C>A single nucleotide polymorphism (rs36228499; hereafter called p27 SNP) has been associated with the clinical failure of peripheral vein grafts, but the functional effects of this SNP have not been demonstrated.

METHODS:

Human saphenous vein adventitial cells and intimal/medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were derived from explants obtained at the time of lower extremity bypass operations. We determined the following in adventitial cells and SMCs as a function of the p27 SNP genotype: (1) p27 promoter activity, (2) p27 messenger (m)RNA and protein levels, and (3) growth and collagen gel contraction. Deoxyribonuclease I footprinting was also performed in adventitial cells and SMCs.

RESULTS:

p27 promoter activity, deoxyribonuclease I footprinting, p27 mRNA levels, and p27 protein levels demonstrated that the p27 SNP is functional in adventitial cells and SMCs. Both cell types with the graft failure protective AA genotype had more p27 mRNA and protein. As predicted because of higher levels of p27 protein, adventitial cells with the AA genotype grew slower than those of the CC genotype. Unexpectedly, SMCs did not show this genotype-dependent growth response.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results support the functionality of the p27 SNP in venous SMCs and adventitial cells, but an effect of the SNP on cell proliferation is limited to only adventitial cells. These data point to a potential role for adventitial cells in human vein graft failure and also suggest that SMCs express factors that interfere with the activity of p27.

Comment in

PMID:
28526559
PMCID:
PMC5690896
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvs.2016.12.113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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