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Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2017 May 17;30(1). pii: /j/ijamh.2018.30.issue-1/ijamh-2016-0094/ijamh-2016-0094.xml. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2016-0094.

Preparation for sexual and reproductive self-care in Iranian adolescent girls: a qualitative study.

Author information

1
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Niayesh crossroad, Vali-Asr Avenue, Tehran, Iran, Fax: +‚ÄČ98-21-88202521.
3
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4
The Research Center for Safe Motherhood, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method. The participants included 18 adolescents who were aged 13-19 years old, single, studying at high school, art school, or university and had no history of chronic medical or psychological diseases; further, most of them had the experience of menstruation. Purposive sampling was initiated and continued until data saturation. Data collection were performed using in-depth and unstructured interviews. Qualitative content analysis of the interviews was conducted simultaneously with data collection using the Graneheim and Lundman approach .MAXQDA 2010 software was used for storage, retrieval, and management of the data. Findings Preparation for care was the main theme that emerged in this study along with 19 subcategories and four main categories, including desirable interaction between families and adolescents, readiness for puberty and menstruation, life skills and spiritual self-monitoring. Conclusion The education and health care systems' authorities of the country can exploit the results of this study for making policies and interventions expedient to the society's cultural conditions in order to improve the reproductive and sexual self-care status of adolescents' girls.

KEYWORDS:

adolescent girls; self-care; sexual and reproductive health

PMID:
28525319
DOI:
10.1515/ijamh-2016-0094
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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