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Eye (Lond). 2017 Oct;31(10):1417-1426. doi: 10.1038/eye.2017.78. Epub 2017 May 19.

Ocular surface analysis in hematological patients before and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: implication for daily clinical practice.

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Ophthalmology Unit, DIMES, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, S. Orsola-Malpighi Teaching Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
Haematology Institute 'L.A. Seragnoli', DIMES, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, S. Orsola-Malpighi Teaching Hospital, Bologna, Italy.


PurposeTo evaluate ocular surface parameters before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and to correlate them with clinical and transplant variables.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of data from 93 patients affected by hematological malignancies undergoing HSCT. Values from Ocular Surface Disease Index, Schirmer test, Break-up Time, ocular surface staining, and Meibomian Gland Dysfunction score obtained before HSCT and 3-6 months after were retrieved from charts. Diagnosis and staging of dry eye (DE) disease was performed according to Dry Eye WorkShop criteria. Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) was classified according to the NIH criteria. Odds ratios for DE onset after HSCT were estimated for demographic, ocular, hematological and transplant variables.ResultsDE was diagnosed before HSCT in 50 (53%) of the patients, mostly of hyperevaporative profile. After HSCT, all ocular parameters significantly worsened with no change in DE profile. A 51% incident cases (22 of the 43 non-DE subjects) were reported. Increasing recipient age and female sex, higher CD34+ cells infused, donor-recipient sex mismatch (males receiving from females), related donors, and peripheral blood cells as stem cell source were associated with a significant higher incidence of DE after HSCT. Systemic chronic GVHD was diagnosed in 42% while ocular GVHD in 35.5% of the patients, which decreased to 12% when taking into account only incident cases.ConclusionsHigh DE prevalence was shown already before HSCT. A pre-HSCT ocular surface assessment is recommended for early DE diagnosis and treatment. This new protocol also influences the prevalence of ocular GVHD.

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