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Antiviral Res. 1988 Dec 1;10(4-5):235-51.

Broad-spectrum antiviral activity of the acyclic guanosine phosphonate (R,S)-HPMPG.

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Microbial Biochemistry, Squibb Institute for Medical Research, Princeton, New Jersey 08540.


(R,S)-9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)guanine [(R,S)-HPMPG] exhibits broad spectrum antiviral activity with an ED50 of less than 1 microM against herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and vaccinia in plaque reduction assays. Wild type HSV-2 and its thymidine kinase deficient variant are equally sensitive to (R,S)-HPMPG. (R,S)-HPMPG is 100-fold more potent than acyclovir (ED50 = 0.45 microM vs. 44 microM, respectively) against HCMV in cell culture, and 10-fold more active than acyclovir in extending survival time in mice intraperitoneally infected with 70 LD50 HSV-1. However, (R,S)-HPMPG is toxic when administered repeatedly at 44 mg/kg/day in uninfected adult mice. The diphosphoryl derivative of HPMPG was enzymatically synthesized and is a competitive inhibitor of HSV-1 DNA polymerase relative to dGTP (K1 = 0.03 microM). HPMPG-PP is 70-fold less active at inhibiting HeLa DNA polymerase alpha than HSV-1 DNA polymerase. At concentrations between 0.3 and 1.5 microM (R,S)-HPMPG inhibited HSV-1 DNA replication greater than or equal to 50% in infected cells as measured by nucleic acid hybridization. Consistent with inhibition of viral DNA synthesis, 6 to 30 microM (R,S)-HPMPG reduces late viral polypeptide synthesis in HSV-1 infected cells. These data indicate that (R,S)-HPMPG is a thymidine kinase independent broad spectrum antiviral drug which is capable of inhibiting viral DNA polymerase.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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