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J Cell Mol Med. 2017 Nov;21(11):2837-2851. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.13197. Epub 2017 May 19.

Antineoplastic effects of clove buds (Syzygium aromaticum L.) in the model of breast carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
2
Division of Oncology, Biomedical Center Martin, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
4
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Šafárik University, Košice, Slovakia.
5
Department of Pathology, Slovak Medical University and St. Elisabeth Oncology Institute, Bratislava, Slovakia.
6
Department of Chemical Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic.
7
Department of Anatomy, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
8
Department of Histology and Embryology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
9
Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia.
10
Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis and Nuclear Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Toxicological and Antidoping Center, Comenius University in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia.
11
Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Cell Biology, P. J. Safarik University, Kosice, Slovakia.
12
Department of Pathological Anatomy, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava, Martin, Slovakia.
13
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.
14
Qatar Foundation-Education City, Weill Cornell Medicine in Qatar, Doha, Qatar.

Abstract

It is supposed that plant functional foods, rich in phytochemicals, may potentially have preventive effects in carcinogenesis. In this study, the anticancer effects of cloves in the in vivo and in vitro mammary carcinoma model were assessed. Dried flower buds of cloves (CLOs) were used at two concentrations of 0.1% and 1% through diet during 13 weeks after the application of chemocarcinogen. After autopsy, histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses of rat mammary carcinomas were performed. Moreover, in vitro evaluation using MCF-7 cells was carried out. Dietary administered CLO caused the dose-dependent decrease in tumour frequency by 47.5% and 58.5% when compared to control. Analysis of carcinoma cells in animals showed bcl-2, Ki67, VEGFA, CD24 and CD44 expression decrease and Bax, caspase-3 and ALDH1 expression increase after high-dose CLO administration. MDA levels were substantially decreased in rat carcinomas in both CLO groups. The evaluation of histone modifications revealed increase in lysine trimethylations and acetylations (H4K20me3, H4K16ac) in carcinomas after CLO administration. TIMP3 promoter methylation levels of CpG3, CpG4, CpG5 islands were altered in treated cancer cells. An increase in total RASSF1A promoter methylation (three CpG sites) in CLO 1 group was found. In vitro studies showed antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of CLO extract in MCF-7 cells (analyses of cytotoxicity, Brdu, cell cycle, annexin V/PI, caspase-7, Bcl-2 and mitochondrial membrane potential). This study showed a significant anticancer effect of clove buds in the mammary carcinoma model in vivo and in vitro.

KEYWORDS:

MCF-7 cells; angiogenesis; apoptosis; cancer stem cells; cell proliferation; cloves; epigenetics; mammary carcinogenesis; rat

PMID:
28524540
PMCID:
PMC5661249
DOI:
10.1111/jcmm.13197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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