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Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2017 May;29(5):469-472. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4352.2017.05.016.

[Prevention of traditional Chinese medicine Gubiao Pixie prescription for nosocomial infection in elderly population].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine, Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin 300192, China. Corresponding author: Li Zhijun, Email: doctorzhijun@aliyun.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Gubiao Pixie prescription on the prevention of nosocomial infection in elderly patients with susceptible factors.

METHODS:

A prospective observational study was conducted. The elderly patients aged over 70 years admitted to the Department of Integrated TCM and Western Medicine of Tianjin First Center Hospital from March 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled. The patients were divided into experiment group and control group by random number table. The patients in control group were given conventional treatment without special intervention; and those in experimental group were given Gubiao Pixie prescription particles (prescription composition: Radix Astragali 30 g, Bran fried Rhizoma Atracylodis 20 g, Raidix Saposhnikoviae 12 g, Radix Scutellariae 10 g, Fructus Tsaoko 6 g) on the basis of conventional treatment. The Gubiao Pixie prescription particles were taken in warm water 300 mL, twice a day in morning and evening respectively, taking half an hour after meals, and were increased or decreased according to the disease condition. The changes in immune function parameters before and after treatment, as well as the incidence of nosocomial infection, the abnormal increase rate of body temperature, white blood cell (WBC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) after 10 days of treatment in the two groups were observed.

RESULTS:

A total of 110 elderly patients with susceptible factors during hospitalization were included. After the exclusion of vomiting, abdominal distension and failure to conform the trial requirements, hospitalization time less than 10 days of patients, a total of 100 patients were enrolled in the analysis finally, with 50 patients in control group and in experimental group respectively. There were no significant differences in immune function parameters including IgA, IgG, IgM before treatment between the two groups. After 10 days of treatment, the immune function parameters showed no significant improvement in control group, and those in experiment group were improved significantly, and IgA (g/L: 1.59±0.32 vs. 1.29±0.29), IgG (g/L: 12.07±2.37 vs. 10.23±1.91), and IgM (g/L: 1.01±0.29 vs. 0.88±0.24) were significantly increased as compared with those of control group (all P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, the incidence of nosocomial infection (20% vs. 38%) and the abnormal increase rate of body temperature (24% vs. 44%), WBC (28% vs. 52%), and CRP (28% vs. 50%) 10 days after treatment in experimental group were significantly decreased (all P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

TCM Gubiao Pixie prescription has a role in enhancing immune function and antibacterial and bactericidal effect. It has certain preventive effect on nosocomial infection in susceptible people.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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