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Oncogene Res. 1988;3(4):313-22.

A point mutation in the DNA binding domain of the v-myb oncogene of E26 virus confers temperature sensitivity for transformation of myelomonocytic cells.

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Differentiation Programme, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Federal Republic of Germany.


We have molecularly cloned a mutant of the v-myb, ets-containing E26 avian leukemia virus which is temperature sensitive for the transformation of myeloid cells. Cells infected with this mutant, ts21E26, are immature at 37 degrees C and can be induced to differentiate into resting, macrophage-like cells when shifted to 42 degrees C. The sequence of ts21E26 reveals a single relevant nucleotide alteration resulting in a threonine to arginine change in the highly conserved, putative DNA binding v-myb portion of the p135gag-myb-ets protein. Surprisingly, a ts21E26 viral construct in which the v-ets gene domain was deleted was only weakly temperature sensitive, although temperature sensitivity was largely restored in another v-ets deletion mutant whose 3' terminal sequences were replaced with those from the AMV v-myb gene. These results suggest that the temperature sensitive lesion in v-myb of ts21E26 alters the DNA binding capacity of p135 at 42 degrees C and that the primary structure of the C-terminus of this protein has an influence on the activity of sequences that are further upstream.

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