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Pak J Med Sci. 2017 Mar-Apr;33(2):433-438. doi: 10.12669/pjms.332.11771.

Prevalence of anemia and related factors among women in Turkey.

Author information

1
Dr. Birsen Karaca Saydam, BKS. Ege University Faculty of Health Sciences, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.
2
Dr. Rabia Ekti Genc, REG. Ege University Faculty of Health Sciences, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.
3
Prof. Dr. Fulden Sarac, FS. Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University Medical School, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.
4
Prof. Dr. Esin Ceber Turfan, ECT. Ege University Faculty of Health Sciences, 35100 Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of anemia and related factors among women in Turkey.

METHODS:

This descriptive study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of the Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University Medical School. Randomly selected women were given questionnaires regarding their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. The data were coded and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0 software. Statistical analyses with 95% confidence intervals were considered to be significant if p<0.05.

RESULTS:

The study results showed an anemia prevalence of 27.8% in the study sample. Among all anemia diagnoses among the participants, 56.0% were determined to have iron deficiency, 37.1% iron-deficiency anemia, and 6.9% severe anemia. It was observed that anemia was detected among women who were 15-49 years of age (p<0.05), menstruating (p<0.05), had a history of Cesarean section (p<0.05), and had not entered menopause (p<0.05). Based on forward-stepwise-logistic regression analysis, the most important parameter was concluded to be age group, which was followed by menopausal status.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study results suggest that the anemia prevalence rate is specifically higher among women of reproductive age. To prevent anemia at a low cost, it is recommended to provide women with relevant information and well-planned interactive educational programs.

KEYWORDS:

Anemia; BMI: Body Mass Index; Reproductive age; TDHS: Turkey Demographic and Health Survey; WHO: World Health Organization; Women

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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