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J Exp Clin Cancer Res. 2017 May 18;36(1):70. doi: 10.1186/s13046-017-0539-8.

CIP2A mediates fibronectin-induced bladder cancer cell proliferation by stabilizing β-catenin.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No.197 Ruijin 2nd Road, 200025, Shanghai, China.
2
Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, No.12 Middle Urumqi Road, 200040, Shanghai, China.
3
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No.227 South Chongqing Road, 200025, Shanghai, China.
4
Department of Urology, Ruijin Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No.197 Ruijin 2nd Road, 200025, Shanghai, China. shenzj68@sina.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fibronectin (FN) is associated with tumorigenesis and progression in bladder cancer, however, the underlying mechanisms causing this remain largely unknown. Furthermore, cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) has been shown to play important regulatory roles in cancer proliferation. Here, we investigated whether FN regulates CIP2A expression to promote bladder cancer cell proliferation.

METHODS:

The correlations of stromal FN with CIP2A and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression were analyzed in a cohort bladder cancer patients. The roles of FN and CIP2A in regulating bladder cancer cell proliferation were evaluated in cell and animal models. Cycloheximide treatment was used to determine the effects of CIP2A on β-catenin stabilization. The CIP2A-β-catenin interaction was confirmed by immunofluorescence staining and co-immunoprcipitation.

RESULTS:

In this study, we found that stromal FN expression correlated positively with the levels of CIP2A and PCNA in bladder cancer tissues. Meanwhile, in human bladder cancer cell lines (T24 and J82), exogenous FN significantly promoted cell proliferation, however, CIP2A depletion inhibited this process. Furthermore, the interaction between CIP2A and β-catenin enhanced the stabilization of β-catenin, which was involved in FN-induced cell proliferation. In vivo, CIP2A depletion repressed FN-accelerated subcutaneous xenograft growth rates.

CONCLUSIONS:

These data reveal that CIP2A is a crucial mediator of FN-induced bladder cancer cell proliferation via enhancing the stabilization of β-catenin. Promisingly, FN and CIP2A could serve as potential therapeutic targets for bladder cancer treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Bladder cancer; CIP2A; Fibronectin; Proliferation; β-catenin

PMID:
28521777
PMCID:
PMC5437599
DOI:
10.1186/s13046-017-0539-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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