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Biochem J. 1988 Nov 15;256(1):75-80.

The effect of K-252a, a potent microbial inhibitor of protein kinase, on activated cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase.

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Tokyo Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd., Japan.


K-252a, an indole carbazol compound of microbial origin, inhibited activation of bovine brain phosphodiesterase induced by calmodulin (CaM), sodium oleate, or limited proteolysis with almost equal potency. Kinetic analysis revealed that the CaM-activated phosphodiesterase (CaM-PDE) was competitively inhibited by K-252a with respect to CaM. On the other hand, inhibition of the trypsin-activated phosphodiesterase was competitive with respect to cyclic AMP. Addition of a lower amount of phosphatidylserine or sodium oleate to the reaction medium was efficacious in attenuating the inhibition of the CaM-PDE by W-7, compound 48/80, or calmidazolium but, in contrast, had no effect on the inhibition by K-252a. Furthermore, CaM-independent systems such as [3H]nitrendipine receptor binding or Na+ + K+-ATPase were influenced less by K-252a compared with W-7, compound 48/80 and calmidazolium. In conclusion, K-252a is an inhibitor of CaM-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase and it appears that it inhibits the enzyme not only via CaM antagonism but possibly also by interfering with the enzyme.

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