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Oncotarget. 2017 Jul 11;8(28):45399-45414. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.17535.

Circulating microRNAs as novel biomarkers of ALK-positive nonsmall cell lung cancer and predictors of response to crizotinib therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Lung Cancer, Affiliated Hospital of Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
2
Department of Oncology, 309th Hospital of PLA, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Beijing, China.
4
Department of Oncology, Peking University International Hospital, Beijing, China.
5
Department of Respiratory, Affiliated Hospital of Aviation Medicine, Beijing, China.

Abstract

Circulating microRNAs are potential diagnostic and predictive biomarkers, but have not been investigated for patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung cancer. In this exploratory study, we sought to identify potential plasma biomarkers for ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A microRNA microarray was used to select ALK-related microRNAs in ALK-positive NSCLC (n = 3), ALK-negative NSCLC (n = 3), and healthy subjects (n = 3). Plasma levels of 21 microRNAs were differentially expressed for ALK-positive and ALK-negative NSCLC, including 14 down-regulated and 7 up-regulated microRNAs. We also identified 5s rRNA as the most stable endogenous control gene using geNorm and NormFinder algorithms. Candidate microRNAs in plasma from ALK-positive (n = 41) and ALK-negative NSCLC patients (n = 32) were quantified using real-time reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression levels of miR-28-5p, miR-362-5p, and miR-660-5p were all down-regulated in ALK-positive NSCLC, compared with ALK-negative NSCLC. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of miR-28-5p, miR-362-5p, miR-660-5p, and 3-microRNAs panel were 0.873, 0.673, 0.760, and 0.876, respectively. The positive predictive values of miR-28-5p, miR-362-5p, and miR-660-5p were 96.43%, 80.77%, and 83.87%, respectively. Increased plasma levels of miR-660-5p after crizotinib treatment predicted good tumor response (p = 0.012). The pre-crizotinib levels of miR-362-5p were significantly associated with progression-free survival (p = 0.015). Thus, in this preliminary investigation, we identified a potential panel of 3 microRNAs for distinguishing between patients with ALK-positive and ALK-negative NSCLC. We also identified miR-660-5p and miR-362-5p as potential predictors for response to crizotinib treatment.

KEYWORDS:

ALK; biomarker; microRNA; non-small cell lung cancer; plasma

PMID:
28514730
PMCID:
PMC5542196
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.17535
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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