Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Nurs. 2018 Jan;27(1-2):e109-e115. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13880. Epub 2017 Sep 20.

Decreased bed rest post-percutaneous coronary intervention with a 7-French arterial sheath and its effects on vascular complications.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
2
Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
3
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

To compare the incidence of femoral access puncture site complications in the control group, who underwent 6 hr of bed rest, with patients in the case group, who underwent 4 hr of bed rest.

BACKGROUND:

The ideal bed rest length after percutaneous coronary intervention with a 7-French arterial sheath has been investigated by nursing practice. However, in this larger-sheath-size group, best practices have not been determined, and bed rest time continues to vary markedly among institutions.

DESIGN:

Retrospective study.

METHODS:

Data were retrieved from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry and electronic health records in this retrospective study. Sample size was 401 patients: 152 case patients with 4-hr bed rest and 249 controls with 6-hr bed rest. Case group data were obtained from 20 May 2013-31 December 2014; and control group data, 15 June 2011-20 May 2013.

RESULTS:

National Cardiovascular Data Registry event rates were generally low in both groups: Only three patients in each group had a bleeding event within 72 hr (2% vs. 1%) and no patient and only two controls had arteriovenous fistula (0% vs. 1%). Complications documented in the electronic health records with institutional femoral access puncture site complication definitions identified bleeding at the access site in eight case patients (5%) and nine controls (4%). Haematoma at the access site occurred in 21 case patients (14%) and 25 controls (10%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The practice change of decreasing bed rest from 6-4 hr for patients with 7-French arterial sheaths post-percutaneous coronary intervention was associated with no significant change in femoral access puncture site complications in either National Cardiovascular Data Registry data or institutional electronic health records data.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE:

This introduces expanded evidence of safety in decreasing bed rest length in larger (7-French) arterial sheaths post-percutaneous coronary intervention.

KEYWORDS:

bleeding; cardiac invasive procedure; haematoma; immobilisation after procedure

PMID:
28514498
DOI:
10.1111/jocn.13880
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center