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ACS Nano. 2017 Jun 27;11(6):5800-5807. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.7b01409. Epub 2017 May 22.

Interdiffusion Reaction-Assisted Hybridization of Two-Dimensional Metal-Organic Frameworks and Ti3C2Tx Nanosheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution.

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Key Laboratory of Flexible Electronics (KLOFE) & Institute of Advanced Materials (IAM), Jiangsu National Synergistic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM), Nanjing Tech University (NanjingTech) , 30 South Puzhu Road, Nanjing 211816, P.R. China.
Key Laboratory for Organic Electronics and Information Displays & Institute of Advanced Materials, Jiangsu National Synergistic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM), Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications , 9 Wenyuan Road, Nanjing 210023, P.R. China.
College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biomedical Materials, Nanjing Normal University , 1 Wenyuan Road, Nanjing 210023, P.R. China.
Center for Programmable Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University , 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798.


Two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic framework (MOF) nanosheets have been recently regarded as the model electrocatalysts due to their porous structure, fast mass and ion transfer through the thickness, and large portion of exposed active metal centers. Combining them with electrically conductive 2D nanosheets is anticipated to achieve further improved performance in electrocatalysis. In this work, we in situ hybridized 2D cobalt 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (CoBDC) with Ti3C2Tx (the MXene phase) nanosheets via an interdiffusion reaction-assisted process. The resulting hybrid material was applied in the oxygen evolution reaction and achieved a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at a potential of 1.64 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode and a Tafel slope of 48.2 mV dec-1 in 0.1 M KOH. These results outperform those obtained by the standard IrO2-based catalyst and are comparable with or even better than those achieved by the previously reported state-of-the-art transition-metal-based catalysts. While the CoBDC layer provided the highly porous structure and large active surface area, the electrically conductive and hydrophilic Ti3C2Tx nanosheets enabled the rapid charge and ion transfer across the well-defined Ti3C2Tx-CoBDC interface and facilitated the access of aqueous electrolyte to the catalytically active CoBDC surfaces. The hybrid nanosheets were further fabricated into an air cathode for a rechargeable zinc-air battery, which was successfully used to power a light-emitting diode. We believe that the in situ hybridization of MXenes and 2D MOFs with interface control will provide more opportunities for their use in energy-based applications.


MXenes; electrocatalysis; interdiffusion reaction; metal−organic frameworks; oxygen evolution reaction; two-dimensional materials; zinc−air battery


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