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J Genet Couns. 2017 Dec;26(6):1270-1279. doi: 10.1007/s10897-017-0106-7. Epub 2017 May 16.

Utilization of Genetic Counseling after Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing: Findings from the Impact of Personal Genomics (PGen) Study.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
2
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.
3
Division of Genetics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
5
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. jscottr@umich.edu.
6
Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. jscottr@umich.edu.

Abstract

Direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (DTC-PGT) results lead some individuals to seek genetic counseling (GC), but little is known about these consumers and why they seek GC services. We analyzed survey data pre- and post-PGT from 1026 23andMe and Pathway Genomics customers. Participants were mostly white (91%), female (60%), and of high socioeconomic status (80% college educated, 43% household income of ≥$100,000). After receiving PGT results, 43 participants (4%) made or planned to schedule an appointment with a genetic counselor; 390 (38%) would have used in-person GC had it been available. Compared to non-seekers, GC seekers were younger (mean age of 38 vs 46 years), more frequently had children <18 (26% vs 16%), and were more likely to report previous GC (37% vs 7%) and genetic testing (30% vs 15%). In logistic regression analysis, seeking GC was associated with previous GC use (OR = 6.5, CI = 3.1-13.8), feeling motivated to pursue DTC-PGT for health reasons (OR = 4.3, CI = 1.8-10.1), fair or poor self-reported health (OR = 3.1, CI = 1.1-8.3), and self-reported uncertainty about the results (OR = 1.8, CI = 1.1-2.7). These findings can help GC providers anticipate who might seek GC services and plan for clinical discussions of DTC-PGT results.

KEYWORDS:

DTC; Direct-to-consumer; Genetic counseling; Genetic counselors; Genetic testing; Health behavior; Personal genomic testing; Personalized medicine

PMID:
28512697
PMCID:
PMC5673568
DOI:
10.1007/s10897-017-0106-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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