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Workplace Health Saf. 2017 Dec;65(12):595-602. doi: 10.1177/2165079916687312. Epub 2017 May 16.

Deleterious Effects From Occupational Exposure to Ethylene Thiourea in Pregnant Women.

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1 Emory University.


Human exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has become common as a result of widespread application of these chemicals to the food supply, environmental contamination, and occupational exposures (Caserta et al., 2011). However, relatively little is known about the effects of EDCs such as ethylene thiourea (ETU) in developing fetuses and the lasting implications of this disruption on human development from birth through adulthood. Of highest concern are chronic, low-dose exposures among industrial and agricultural workers. Current knowledge regarding the significance of endocrine thyroid signaling on normal human development raises serious concerns about the possible deleterious effects of EDCs in the developing fetus, children, and mature adults. Occupational health nurses are critical in identifying women and families at increased risk of ETU exposure and mitigating early exposures in pregnancy.


environmental exposure; ethylene thiourea; fetal exposure; occupational hazards; occupational health and safety team; pregnancy; research; thyroid disease; women’s health; work; workforce

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