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J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Mar;11(3):VC01-VC06. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/25894.9502. Epub 2017 Mar 1.

Efficacy of Structured Yoga Intervention for Sleep, Gastrointestinal and Behaviour Problems of ASD Children: An Exploratory Study.

Author information

1
Research Scholar, Department of Yoga and Humanities, S-VYASA University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2
Assistant Registrar, Department of Academics, S-Vyasa University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
3
Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatric Social Work, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc. Our hypothesis is that structured yoga intervention will brings significant changes in the problems of ASD children.

AIM:

The aim of this study was to find out efficacy of structured yoga intervention for sleep problems, gastrointestinal problems and behaviour problems of ASD children.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

It was an exploratory study with pre-test and post-test control design. Three sets of questionnaires having 61 questions developed by researchers were used to collect data pre and post yoga intervention. Questionnaires were based on three problematic areas of ASD children as mentioned above and were administered to parents by teachers under the supervision of researcher and clinical psychologists. Experimental group was given yoga intervention for a period of 90 days and control group continued with school curriculum.

RESULTS:

Both children and parents participated in this intervention. Significant changes were seen post yoga intervention in three areas of problems as mentioned above. Statistical analysis also showed significance value of 0.001 in the result.

CONCLUSION:

Structured yoga intervention can be conducted for a large group of ASD children with parent's involvement. Yoga can be used as alternative therapy to reduce the severity of symptoms of ASD children.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; Attention; Depression; Physiological; Psychological; Sameness; Social communication

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