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Compend Contin Educ Dent. 2017 Apr;38(eBook 5):e18-e31.

The Adjunctive Soft-Tissue Diode Laser in Orthodontics.

Author information

1
Visiting Professor (Orthodontics), Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; Specialist Orthodontist, London, England.

Abstract

Lasers are a relatively new addition to the orthodontist's armamentarium. This article reviews the fundamental basic science of available soft-tissue lasers, with an emphasis on diode lasers, and discusses various adjunct applications of the diode laser for soft-tissue orthodontic procedures. Diode lasers function by cutting with an initiated hot tip and produce minimal to no interaction with healthy dental hard tissue, making them suitable for soft-tissue procedures. The contact cutting mode provides enhanced bloodless site visibility and facility to perform delicate soft tissue procedures, which is important in areas with difficult access. Such adjunctive uses include laser gingivectomy to improve oral hygiene or bracket positioning, esthetic laser gingival recontouring, and laser exposure of superficially impacted teeth. Selected cases treated with a 940-nm indium-gallium-arsenide-phosphide (InGaAsP) diode laser will be presented.

PMID:
28509563
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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