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Int J Public Health. 2017 Nov;62(8):879-887. doi: 10.1007/s00038-017-0977-2. Epub 2017 May 16.

Perceived ethnic discrimination in relation to smoking and alcohol consumption in ethnic minority groups in The Netherlands: the HELIUS study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 22660, 1100 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. u.ikram@amc.uva.nl.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
4
QIMR Berghofer, Translational Neurogenomics Group, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the associations of perceived ethnic discrimination (PED) with smoking and alcohol consumption in ethnic minority groups residing in a middle-sized European city.

METHODS:

Data were derived from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. We included 23,126 participants aged 18-70 years of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Ghanaian, Turkish, and Moroccan origin. We collected self-reported data on PED, current smoking, heavy smoking, nicotine dependence, current drinking, excessive drinking, and alcohol dependence. Logistic regression was used.

RESULTS:

In general, we observed positive associations in participants of African Surinamese and Ghanaian origin, but no associations in those of South-Asian Surinamese, Turkish, or Moroccan origin. In African Surinamese, the associations were positive for current smoking, nicotine, and alcohol dependence (odds ratios of 1.16; 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.27, 1.34; 1.15-1.57 and 1.40; 1.20-1.64, respectively). In Ghanaians, positive association was observed for current drinking (1.21; 1.08-1.36).

CONCLUSIONS:

The associations of PED with smoking and alcohol consumption considerably varied by ethnicity and outcome measure. This suggests that ethnic minority groups in Europe might use different behavioural strategies to cope with PED.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol consumption; Ethnic differences; HELIUS study; Perceived ethnic discrimination; Smoking

PMID:
28508943
PMCID:
PMC5641269
DOI:
10.1007/s00038-017-0977-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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