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Brain Res. 1988 Dec 20;475(2):393-6.

Beta-adrenergic stimulation prior to darkness advances the nocturnal increase of Syrian hamster pineal melatonin synthesis.

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Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio 78284.


Pineal glands of male Syrian hamsters stimulated in vivo with isoproterenol (ISO) for 4 h before the onset of darkness showed a 4-h advance in the timing of the nighttime increases in both N-acetyltransferase activity and melatonin levels. When ISO (1 mg/kg) was administered every 2 h to animals kept in light during the night, a significant increase in melatonin synthesis was observed after 4-6 h. The results suggest that the Syrian hamster pineal gland can respond in vivo to continuous beta-adrenergic stimulation, but a lag period of 4-6 h is required before there is an increase in melatonin synthesis.

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