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J Pak Med Assoc. 2017 May;67(5):767-772.

The confounding factors leading to plagiarism in academic writing and some suggested remedies: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
2
Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software. Data extraction was undertaken by selecting titles from retrieved references and data synthesis identified key factors leading to plagiarism such as unawareness of research ethics, poor writing skills and pressure or publish mantra. Plagiarism can be managed by a balance among its prevention, detection by plagiarism detection software, and institutional sanctions against proven plagiarists. Educating researchers about ethical principles of academic writing and institutional support in training writers about academic integrity and ethical publications can curtail plagiarism.

KEYWORDS:

Plagiarism, Unethical writing, Academic theft, Plagiarism-detection software.

PMID:
28507368
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