Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Apr;53(4):771-774. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.04.015. Epub 2017 Apr 29.

The spectrum and management of noniatrogenic vascular trauma in the pediatric population.

Author information

1
Division of Vascular Surgery, University Health Network, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 2C4.
2
Division of General & Thoracic Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X8. Electronic address: jacob.langer@sickkids.ca.
3
Division of General & Thoracic Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1X8.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To describe the spectrum of noniatrogenic pediatric vascular injuries and their outcomes at a large tertiary pediatric hospital.

METHODS:

Retrospective review of a prospectively-maintained trauma database, identifying children with noniatrogenic vascular injuries managed between 1994 and 2014.

RESULTS:

A total of 198 patients were identified. Those patients with a digital or intracerebral vascular injury (92/198) were excluded from further analysis. The remaining 106 patients represented 1.2% of all traumas managed at our institution during the 21-year study period. The majority were male (75%), and between 1 and 12years of age (71% of all patients). Median time from trauma scene to any hospital was 48min (range 0-132), and most patients were transferred from another hospital (64%). Three patients were declared dead upon arrival (3%). Penetrating injuries accounted for most injuries (72%), while blunt injuries accounted for the remainder. Ulnar, radial, or brachial artery trauma accounted for 47% of injuries. Most vessels were treated operatively, by primary repair (49%), vessel ligation (15%), or interposition graft (12%). Fourteen patients (13%) were managed nonoperatively and most patients (74%) experienced no complications in hospital or during follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Noniatrogenic pediatric vascular injuries are rare and represent a highly heterogeneous population. Most children recover well, with minimal perioperative complications.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

IV (case series with no comparison group).

KEYWORDS:

Pediatric surgery; Vascular surgery; Vascular trauma

PMID:
28506479
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.04.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center