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Neuroscience. 2017 Jul 4;355:141-148. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.05.008. Epub 2017 May 11.

Human subthalamic nucleus - Automatic auditory change detection as a basis for action selection.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Psychology II, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Psychology II, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany. Electronic address: Thomas.muente@neuro.uni-luebeck.de.
3
Department of Neurology, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
4
Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, London, UK.
5
Department of Neurology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany; Institute of Neurogenetics, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.
6
Department of Neurosurgery, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany.
7
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Abstract

The subthalamic nucleus (STN) shapes motor behavior and is important for the initiation and termination of movements. Here we ask whether the STN takes aggregated sensory information into account, in order to exert this function. To this end, local field potentials (LFP) were recorded in eight patients suffering from Parkinson's disease and receiving deep-brain stimulation of the STN bilaterally. Bipolar recordings were obtained postoperatively from the externalized electrode leads. Patients were passively exposed to trains of auditory stimuli containing global deviants, local deviants or combined global/local deviants. The surface event-related potentials of the Parkinson's patients as well as those of 19 age-matched healthy controls were characterized by a mismatch negativity (MMN) that was most pronounced for the global/local double deviants and less prominent for the other deviant conditions. The left and right STN LFPs similarly were modulated by stimulus deviance starting at about 100ms post-stimulus onset. The MMN has been viewed as an index of an automatic auditory change detection system, more recently phrased in terms of predictive coding theory, which prepares the organism for attention shifts and for action. The LFP-data from the STN clearly demonstrate that the STN receives information on stimulus deviance, possibly as a means to bias the system to interrupt ongoing and to allow alternative actions.

KEYWORDS:

auditory change detection; invasive recordings; local field potentials; subthalamic nucleus

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