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J Nutr. 1988 Dec;118(12):1455-62.

Soluble oat fiber tends to normalize lipoprotein composition in cholesterol-fed rats.

Author information

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706.

Abstract

The effect of oat fiber on VLDL, LDL and HDL composition was investigated by feeding male Sprague-Dawley rats diets containing 1.0% cholesterol and 0.2% cholic acid, and 6% dietary fiber from oat bran, high-fiber oat flour or a processed oat product for 20 d. Compared to cholesterol-fed cellulose controls, all oat fibers altered the response to cholesterol feeding as indicated by 25-45% lower total lipoprotein cholesterol, 40-60% lower VLDL + LDL cholesterol, and 25-40% higher HDL cholesterol contents, P less than 0.01. The effect of the oat fibers on VLDL composition was especially pronounced as demonstrated by 30-65% lower VLDL protein, VLDL apo E and plasma apo B concentrations. The processed oat product which contained 40% more soluble fiber than oat bran or oat flour normalized the lipoprotein profile associated with ingestion of the atherogenic diet significantly more than oat bran or oat flour. Concentration of total lipoprotein cholesterol and distribution of apo E among the VLDL and LDL fractions in the processed oat product group were similar to controls not fed cholesterol. These data indicate that ingestion of oat fiber tends to normalize the lipoprotein profile induced by feeding an atherogenic diet in the rat, and that the hypocholesterolemic effect of oat fiber is associated with its soluble fiber content.

PMID:
2850353
DOI:
10.1093/jn/118.12.1455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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