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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Jul;46(2):106-114. doi: 10.1111/apt.14130. Epub 2017 May 12.

Systematic review with meta-analysis: the efficacy of vonoprazan-based triple therapy on Helicobacter pylori eradication.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In order to increase eradication rates, vonoprazan, a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker, has been used in Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy.

AIM:

To summarise the results of the efficacy of vonoprazan-based triple therapy, helping clinicians to better understand the benefit of vonoprazan in the treatment of H. pylori infection.

METHODS:

We conducted a systematic literature search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library using the primary keywords "vonoprazan," "takecab", "TAK-438," "potassium," "competitive," "potassium-competitive," "Helicobacter," and "pylori." Studies were included if they evaluated the eradication rate between the vonoprazan-based and proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapies.

RESULTS:

Ten studies and 10 644 patients were evaluated. The crude H. pylori eradication rate determined by intention-to-treat analysis was 87.9% and 72.8% in the vonoprazan-based triple therapy and PPI-based triple therapy respectively. The eradication rate of the vonoprazan-based triple therapy was superior to that of the PPI-based triple therapy (pooled risk ratio [RR] [95% confidence interval (CI)]=1.19 [1.15-1.24]) In addition, there was no significant difference in dropout rate due to adverse event between the regimens (pooled RR of the vonoprazan-based triple therapy [95% CI]=0.69 [0.23-2.03]). The incidence of any adverse events also did not differ between the regimens (pooled RR [95% CI]=1.02 [0.78-1.34]).

CONCLUSIONS:

The vonoprazan-based triple therapy showed superior efficacy in terms of H. pylori eradication as compared to the PPI-based triple therapy. In addition, the vonoprazan-based triple therapy showed comparable tolerability and incidence of adverse events.

PMID:
28497487
DOI:
10.1111/apt.14130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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