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J Clin Med Res. 2017 Jun;9(6):466-475. doi: 10.14740/jocmr3002w. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

The Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Postoperative Pneumonia.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
2
Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopaedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA.
3
Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ, USA.
4
St. Georges University School of Medicine, True Blue, Grenada, West Indies.

Abstract

Postoperative pneumonia is a common complication of surgery, and is associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in surgical and anesthetic technique, it persists as a frequent postoperative complication. Many studies have aimed to assess its burden, as well as associated risk factors. However, this complication varies among the different surgical specialties, and there is a paucity of reports that comprehensively evaluate this complication. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to review the epidemiology and risk factors of postoperative pneumonia in the setting of: 1) general surgery; 2) cardiothoracic surgery; 3) orthopedic and spine surgery; and 4) head and neck surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiology; Postoperative pneumonia; Risk factors

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