Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Med Res. 2017 Jun;9(6):466-475. doi: 10.14740/jocmr3002w. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

The Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Postoperative Pneumonia.

Author information

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopaedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA.
Raritan Bay Medical Center, Perth Amboy, NJ, USA.
St. Georges University School of Medicine, True Blue, Grenada, West Indies.


Postoperative pneumonia is a common complication of surgery, and is associated with marked morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in surgical and anesthetic technique, it persists as a frequent postoperative complication. Many studies have aimed to assess its burden, as well as associated risk factors. However, this complication varies among the different surgical specialties, and there is a paucity of reports that comprehensively evaluate this complication. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to review the epidemiology and risk factors of postoperative pneumonia in the setting of: 1) general surgery; 2) cardiothoracic surgery; 3) orthopedic and spine surgery; and 4) head and neck surgery.


Epidemiology; Postoperative pneumonia; Risk factors

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center