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FEBS Lett. 1988 Dec 19;242(1):101-5.

Halothane, an inhalation anesthetic, activates protein kinase C and superoxide generation by neutrophils.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Kochi Medical School, Japan.


The rate of superoxide generation of guinea pig intraperitoneal neutrophils by a chemotactic peptide or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was increased by 2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1,-trifluoroethane (halothane), an inhalation anesthetic. This increase was inhibited by 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)methylpiperazine dihydrochloride (H-7), a specific inhibitor of Ca2+- and phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C (PKC). Halothane was found to significantly activate partially purified PKC. The activation required phosphatidylserine (PS) and Ca2+. Dioleoylglycerol- or TPA-activated PKC activity was further increased by halothane. The cytoplasmic proteins of guinea pig neutrophils phosphorylated by halothane-activated PKC were similar to those phosphorylated by PMA-activated PKC. The phosphorylation of a 48 kDa protein, a phosphorylated protein required for NADPH oxidase activation, was also increased by halothane. These data suggest that the increase of superoxide production by halothane is correlated with its activation of PKC.

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