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Cell. 1988 Dec 23;55(6):1083-8.

Localization of a type II DNA topoisomerase to two sites at the periphery of the kinetoplast DNA of Crithidia fasciculata.

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Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90024.


A type II DNA topoisomerase (topollmt), purified to near homogeneity from the trypanosomatid C. fasciculata has been shown to be localized to the single mitochondrion of these kinetoplastid protozoa. Immunoblots show at least a 10-fold higher level of topollmt (per milligram of protein) in preparations of partially purified mitochondria as compared with those from whole cells. Analyses of type I and type II topoisomerase activities in both mitochondrial and whole cell extracts show a 4- to 5-fold higher specific activity of topollmt in mitochondrial extracts while a nuclear type I topoisomerase has a 4- to 5-fold lower specific activity in the same extract. Immunolocalizations using anti-topollmt antibodies show the enzyme to be present in close association with the mitochondrial DNA networks (kinetoplast DNA or kDNA). This association appears at two distinct locations on opposite sides of the kDNA network.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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