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Epilepsy Behav. 2017 Jun;71(Pt A):39-50. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.01.025. Epub 2017 May 8.

Stress regulation in drug-resistant epilepsy.

Author information

1
Laboratoire Parole et Langage UMR 7309, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France. Electronic address: iliana.kotwas@gmail.com.
2
Service de Neurophysiologie Clinique, Centre Hospitalo Universitaire de la Timone, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13005 Marseille, France; Unité mixte INSERM Epilepsie et Cognition UMR 751, 27 Bd Jean Moulin, 13385 Marseille Cedex 05, France.
3
Laboratoire Parole et Langage UMR 7309, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France.
4
Service d'explorations fonctionnelles du système nerveux, Clinique du sommeil, CHU de, Bordeaux, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, 33076 Bordeaux, France; USR CNRS 3413 SANPSY, CHU Pellegrin, Université de Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

The prevalence of psychological distress, especially depressive and anxiety disorders, is higher in epilepsy than in other chronic health conditions. These comorbid conditions contribute even more than epileptic seizures themselves to impaired quality of life in patients with epilepsy (PWE). The link between these comorbidities and epilepsy appears to have a neurobiological basis, which is at least partly mediated by stress through psychological and pathophysiological pathways. The impact of stress in PWE is also particularly important because it is the most frequently reported seizure trigger. It is therefore crucial for clinicians to take stress-related conditions and psychiatric comorbidities into account when managing PWE and to propose clinical support to enhance self-control of stress. Screening tools have been specially designed and validated in PWE for depressive disorders and anxiety disorders (e.g. NDDI-E, GAD-7). Other instruments are useful for measuring stress-related variables (e.g. SRRS, PSS, SCS, MHLCS, DSR-15, ERP-R, QOLIE-31) in order to help characterize the individual "stress profile" and thus orientate patients towards the most appropriate treatment. Management includes both pharmacological treatment and nonpharmacological methods for enhancing self-management of stress (e.g. mindfulness-based therapies, yoga, cognitive-behavioral therapies, biofeedback), which may not only protect against psychiatric comorbidities but also reduce seizure frequency.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety disorders; Biofeedback; CBT; Depressive disorders; Mindfulness; Screening of comorbidities; Stress management; Yoga

PMID:
28494323
DOI:
10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.01.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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