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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017 May 12;66(18):482-485. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6618a6.

Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for Use of Cholera Vaccine.

Abstract

Cholera, caused by infection with toxigenic Vibrio cholerae bacteria of serogroup O1 (>99% of global cases) or O139, is characterized by watery diarrhea that can be severe and rapidly fatal without prompt rehydration. Cholera is endemic in approximately 60 countries and causes epidemics as well. Globally, cholera results in an estimated 2.9 million cases of disease and 95,000 deaths annually (1). Cholera is rare in the United States, and most U.S. cases occur among travelers to countries where cholera is endemic or epidemic. Forty-two U.S. cases were reported in 2011 after a cholera epidemic began in Haiti (2); however, <25 cases per year have been reported in the United States since 2012.

PMID:
28493859
PMCID:
PMC5657988
DOI:
10.15585/mmwr.mm6618a6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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